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PLANET EARTH population  
It took 200,000 years for the population to reach 1 billion, this was in the year 1800, 127 years later it reached 2 billion and only 33 years after that by 1960 it reached 3 billion, and by 2011 it had reached 7 billion, 9 years later in 2020 it's 7.8 billion as of January 2020 according to the most recent United Nations Worldometer. 
 
The Laqucia Report, the current world population of 7.8 billion is expected to reach 9 billion by 2030, 12 billion by 2060, however by this time Planet Earth will undergo many changes and new threats to the human race. 
Marine ecosystems 
Coral reef in danger due to sea temperatures rising, over fishing and siltation, new technology and careful planning management systems introduce new types of coral that thrive in warmer temperatures, this helped but the ocean is still in great danger of becoming over fished and over polluted. 
 
Salt-Water Fish Extinction by 2048 
Some species most threatened by over fishing currently include Atlantic Halibut, Monkfish, all sharks, and Blue Fin Tuna. Other animals not usually associated with the seafood industry are also affected, with inadvertent by-catches claiming loggerhead turtles, sharks, dolphins and whales. New laws in 2040 to prevent over fishing were futile. Governments tried to replenish fish stocks, but by 2048 it's a case of too little too late, due to over population and over consumption. 
 
Marine ecosystems 
Removing the fish we eat will later result in the deterioration or loss of marine ecosystems around the globe; the oceans will become full of algae and jellyfish. The oceanic web will be in great danger, many birds and sea mammals that eat fish will be in danger of becoming extinct and many humans that rely on fish will face a struggle to survive. 
 
2025 Earth's population is growing with numerous environmental and social factors such as pollution, malnutrition, overcrowded living conditions, and lacking health care which makes poor communities vulnerable to infectious diseases. Diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, HIV, and dysentery spread faster in overpopulated areas, and the threat of new viruses poses a big problem for the future. 
 
Earth's environment getting worse, not better, Increasing population, mass migration to cities, increasing energy and soaring CO2 emissions are damaging the planet's resources. This unfortunately is not set to improve. 
 
Any solution to rectify the situation wil come at great cost with huge sacrifices needed that will be difficult to put in place. 
 
Most alarming of all; 2020 climate-warming, carbon emissions increased 40% in the past 20 years, but two-thirds of that rise occurred in the past decade. 
Water security is a growing concern in many parts of the world as population and agriculture drives demand, placing enormous stress on freshwater ecosystems and fishing zones. 
 
A decline in freshwater species in tropical areas, which have shown a drop of 70% since 1970. 
70% of the Earth's surface is covered by the ocean. The people of Earth sometimes forget how essential the ocean is for the water you drink, the air you breathe, for human activity and for life. Year after year the people of Planet Earth have been pushing the boundaries of the ocean’s sustainability. 
 
Nearly 90% of the world’s marine fish stocks are now fully exploited, over-exploited or depleted. 
The list of the ocean’s troubles is long, but one item demands immediate attention: harmful fisheries subsidies. Nearly 90% of the world’s marine fish stocks are now fully exploited, over-exploited or depleted. There is no doubt that fisheries subsidies play a big role. Without them, it would slow the over-exploitation of fish stocks, deal with the overcapacity of fishing fleets, and tackle the scourge of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. 
 
A Healthy Balance 
Everything in life is a delicate balance, most people love the sunshine but too much isn't good, it's lovely to enjoy a nice meal but too much food isn't healthy, I love watching the fishing boats leaving the harbour, it's romantic and beautiful, but when the world becomes over populated and starts to deplete world fish stocks, that's not healthy either. Mankind must find a way to allow fish stocks to replenish and fishing should be forbidden for certain time periods to build up stocks. 
 
 
Plastic particles washed up on beaches every day 
The most visible and disturbing impacts of marine plastics are the ingestion, suffocation and entanglement of hundreds of marine species. Marine wildlife such as seabirds, whales, fish and turtles, mistake plastic waste for prey, and most die of starvation as their stomachs are filled with plastic debris. 
 
In the ocean, plastic pollution impacts sea turtles, whales, seabirds, fish, coral reefs, and countless other marine species and habitats. In fact, scientists estimate that more than half of the world's sea turtles and nearly every seabird on Earth have eaten plastic in their lifetimes. 
 
So, what can you do about ocean plastic pollution? 
1. Reduce Your Use of Single-Use Plastics 
2. Recycle Properly 
3. Participate In (or Organise) a Beach or River Clean-up, however this is not the solution when there are so many plastic particles already in the sea being washed up every day, but it is a help 
4. Support Bans 
5. Avoid Products Containing Micro-beads, Micro-beads are tiny pieces of plastic found in many very well known conventional beauty and skin care products, by many household brands. They are rife on supermarket shelves, and mainly found in exfoliating face and body scrubs, glittery make-up, toothpaste, shower gel, etc 
6. Spread the Word 
7. Support Organisations Addressing Plastic Pollution 
 
A survey by scientists with Ocean Cleanup, an organisation working to develop technologies to reduce ocean plastic, found that at least 46 percent of the plastic in the “Great Pacific garbage patch,” a floating gyre the size of France made up of plastic, comes from fishing nets. 
EXTINCT 
The majestic West African black rhino was declared extinct in 2006, after conservationists failed to find any in their last remaining habitat in Cameroon. 
 
Animals that Have Gone Extinct in the Last 120 Years 
Passenger Pigeons (1914) 
Carolina Parakeet (1918) 
Heath Hen (1932) 
Tasmanian Tiger (1936) 
Gravenche (1950) 
Japanese Sea Lion (1974) 
Pyrenean Ibex (2000) 
Caribbean Monk Seal (2008) 
Scientists announced that three bird species vanished from the Earth for good in 2018. 
 
Since 1996, the amur leopard has been classified by the IUCN as Critically Endangered with less than 70 individuals thought to exist today. 
 
Endangered Animals 
Polar Bear 
Gorillas 
Sea turtles 
Orangutan 
Sumatran Elephant 
Saola 
Vaquita 
Tiger 
 
More beautiful animals driven to extinction 
Passenger pigeon 
Dodo 
Western black rhinoceros 
Pyrenean ibex 
Quagga 
Tasmanian tiger 
Steller's sea cow 
Woolly mammoth 
Technology versus  
Global Weather Change 
The upper region of the atmosphere is cooling while the lower atmosphere is warming, a fingerprint suggesting the Earth's warming is not attributed to solar activity cycles, the cause is man-made. 
 
UK scientists say the recent fires in Australia are a taste of what the world will experience as temperatures rise. 
Prof Richard Betts from the Met Office Hadley Centre said we are "seeing a sign of what would be normal conditions under a future warming world of 3C". While natural weather patterns have driven recent fires, researchers said it's "common sense" that human-induced global warming is playing a role. The upper region of the atmosphere is cooling while the lower atmosphere is warming, a fingerprint suggesting the Earth's warming is not attributed to solar activity cycles, the cause is man-made. 
 
The Australian model projects precipitation decreasing around 50% on average by the end of the century. In stark contrast, the Chinese model projects a 30% increase in precipitation by 2075. 
 
Researchers say that global ocean water levels on Earth have risen about 19 centimeters in the last century. And the rate of rise is speeding up. The 20th-century average is about 1.7 millimetres per year; since 1993 the average rate has nearly doubled to about 3.2 millimetres per year, this increase is irreversible. 
 
Core samples, tide gauge readings, and, most recently, satellite measurements tell us that over the past century, the Global Sea Level (GMSL) has risen by 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 centimeters). 
 
During the most recent ice age (at its maximum about 20,000 years ago) the world's sea level was about 130 m lower than today, due to the large amount of sea water that had evaporated and been deposited as snow and ice, mostly in the ice sheet. Most of this had melted about 10,000 years ago. 
 
Sea Levels Rising 
As the air warms water capacity increases, particularly over the ocean. The air can generally hold around 7% more moisture for every 1C of temperature rise. As such, a world that is around 4C warmer than the pre-industrial era would have around 28% more water vapour in the atmosphere. Rain in the future in many parts of the world will become much heavier. 
 
Irreversible sea levels rising on EARTH, even if scientists find a way to limit CO2, it will have no impact as sea levels will continue to rise, even a small increase in sea levels will have devastating effects on coastal habitats. As seawater reaches farther inland, it will cause destructive erosion, wetland flooding, aquifer - An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt). and agricultural soil contamination, and lost habitat for fish, birds, and plants. 
 
ON EARTH with rising sea levels and an expanding population the Earth will become a concrete Jungle everywhere, as far as the eye can see. 
The world models agree that the Mediterranean region and southern Africa will have less precipitation in the future. They also agree on reduced precipitation in southwest Australia around Perth, in southern Chile, the west coast of Mexico and over much of the tropical and subtropical Atlantic ocean. 
 
TECHNOLOGY to the rescue 
ANTIGRAVITY AIR TRAVEL by 2059 
Quantum physicists postulated the existence of gravitons, mass-less elementary particles that transmit gravitational force, with zero carbon emissions. 
 
Dietary changes should be encouraged, with people cutting back on certain types of fish, relying on Mycoprotein. Edible Insects are better sources of Protein and Nutrients than Meat, according to a new study in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition; caterpillars, crickets, meal worms, bees, and other bugs are more nutritious, gram for gram, than steak or chicken. The most protein-rich insects are wasps, bees and ants, which contain between 13g and 77g of protein per 100g, the graphic by Western Exterminator shows. True bugs, such as aphids and pond-skaters, contain between 48g and 74g, while crickets contain between 23g and 65g of protein. 
 
Realistically, it’s like a pendulum swinging too far one way, one needs to be sensible and not over react, whilst on the other hand be wise and not bury ones head in the sand either. Look at the science, look at the working model to see what’s going on, nothing will happen over night; the problems are gradual, which take years of slow change, but it is a significant change over time. 
 
Most of the world will experience a 16-24% increase in heavy precipitation intensity by 2175. In other words, heavy rain is likely to get heavier.  
 
UK scientists say the recent fires in Australia are a taste of what the world will experience as temperatures rise. 
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